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Russian Navy (2023)


Current Active Inventory: 265 Fleet Units


Russia National Flag Graphic


Last Updated: 11/05/2022 | © www.WDMMW.org


The modern Russian Navy keeps a solid focus on its coastline and underwater activities with a noticeable commitment to corvettes (31.2%), submarines (21.8%), and mine/countermine warfare (18.0%). The rest of the fleet is relatively balanced, covering such types as aircraft carrier, cruiser/battlecruiser, destroyer, frigate, offshore patrol, and amphibious assault support. The aircraft carrier fleet is made up of a sole unit, the aging Kuznetsov, which is inherently limited on the modern battlefield and ungoing refit. Likewise, the sizeable submarine fleet (58 units) leans heavily on units reaching, or well-past, their optimal operating ages. The cruiser force is also an aging group with the youngest example entering its 23rd year-of-service. The destroyer force sees the same problem, units aging closer to 30 years. Conversely, the frigate force (11 units) has been addressed with new additions. By and large, the corvette fleet makes up the largest part of the Russian surface combatant force, numbering 83 units with more on the way. These, too, are an aging group but bouyed by new arrivals. The mine warfare division is primarily aging Soviet Cold War-era instruments as is the bulk of the amphibious assault/support force. Nevertheless, some 80 new hulls are to make their way into service in the coming year, forcing a modernization of key parts of the Russian fleet.


The following represents an overview of the modern naval fighting capabilities of the Russian Navy (2023). The service currently counts 265 total units in its active naval inventory. This total includes frontline commissioned vessels but excludes smaller patrol vessels, auxiliary / survey ships, replenishment, and historical ceremonial types. The WDMMW review takes into account specific categories of warships covering attack, defense, and general support designs. Inventory numbers and related unit types are provided as-is and derived from publically-available information / sources. "On Order" totals found at the bottom of this article are related to any future hulls currently under procurement/construction though said hulls may not be delivered for service in the current year for various reasons.


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Total Units: 265
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TvR:
242.3
True Value Rating takes into account current strengths/weaknesses, matched against the highest-rated service (the USN yields a top rating of 323.9).
Global Rank:
3/35
A total of 35 naval services from 35 nations currently tracked. Current Ranking.
FORCE CONCENTRATION:

Carriers: 1 units
Submarines: 58 units
Fleet Core: 185 units
Amphib Asslt: 21 units
FORCE BALANCE:

GOOD

Fleet focuses on most, if not all, vital categories through balanced concentration of assets.
SUPPLIERS:
National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union
ESTABLISHED:
1696
327 yrs ago
as the "Imperial Russian Navy"
MEDIAN HULL AGE:
30.0
Years
HULL AGE VISUALIZATION


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Unit Age Color Key




0 to 15 yrs

16 to 25 yrs

26 to 30 yrs

>30 yrs


Age plays a vital role in the life of any warship as hulls and various onboard technologies are pushed to the limit, ultimately exposed to the corrosive and generally unforgiving effects of life at sea. Such degradation often leads to modernizations, refits, or outright retirement. Our color gauge attempts to showcase a vessel's current state within the fleet, helping to detail those outgoing vessels against those at the midway point of their service or those just having been commissioned.


Aircraft Carriers (1)


Hulls defined as those designed primarily to launch, retreive, and maintain fixed-wing and/or rotary-wing aircraft; nuclear- or conventionally-powered.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
33yrs
Kuznetsov
063
Kuznetsov-class

Total Units: 1 (0%)


NOTES: Kuznetsov is undergoing refit to extend her sailing career.




Submarines (58)


Hulls developed for undersea/submersible operation; nuclear-powered or conventionally-powered.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
42yrs
Dmitriy Donskoy
TK-208
Typhoon-class
41yrs
Ryazan
K-44
Delta III-class
39yrs
Verkhoturye
K-51
Delta IV-class
38yrs
Yekaterinburg
K-84
Delta IV-class
36yrs
Tula
K-114
Delta IV-class
35yrs
Bryansk
K-117
Delta IV-class
34yrs
Karelia
K-18
Delta IV-class
33yrs
Novomoskovsk
K-407
Delta IV-class
10yrs
Yuriy Dolgorukiy
K-535
Borey-class
10yrs
Aleksandr Nevskiy
K-550
Borey-class
9yrs
Vlad. Monomakh
K-551
Borey-class
3yrs
Knyaz Vladimir
K-549
Borey-class
35yrs
Irkutsk
K-132
Oscar II-class
34yrs
Voronezh
K-119
Oscar II-class
33yrs
Chelyabinsk
K-442
Oscar II-class
33yrs
Smolensk
K-410
Oscar II-class
31yrs
Orel
K-266
Oscar II-class
31yrs
Tver
K-456
Oscar II-class
30yrs
Omsk
K-186
Oscar II-class
27yrs
Tomsk
K-150
Oscar II-class
9yrs
Severodvinsk
K-560
Yasen-class
2yrs
Kazan
K-561
Yasen-class
33yrs
Nizhny Novgorod
K-336
Sierra II-class
30yrs
Pskov
K-534
Sierra II-class
33yrs
Obninsk
K-534
Victor-class
31yrs
Tambov
K-534
Victor-class
34yrs
Bratsk
K-391
Akula-class
33yrs
Pantera
K-317
Akula-class
33yrs
Narval
K-331
Akula-class
31yrs
Kuzbass
K-419
Akula-class
31yrs
Volk
K-461
Akula-class
30yrs
Leopard
K-328
Akula-class
29yrs
Tigr
K-154
Akula-class
28yrs
Samara
K-295
Akula-class
27yrs
Vepr
K-157
Akula-class
23yrs
Gepard
K-335
Akula-class
35yrs
Nurlat
B-394
Kilo-class
35yrs
Yaroslavl
B-808
Kilo-class
33yrs
Ust-Kamchatsk
B-464
Kilo-class
33yrs
Vladikavkaz
B-459
Kilo-class
33yrs
Magnitogorsk
B-471
Kilo-class
33yrs
Ust-Bolsheretsk
B-494
Kilo-class
32yrs
Lipetsk
B-177
Kilo-class
32yrs
Komsmlsk-Amure
B-187
Kilo-class
31yrs
Krasnokamensk
B-190
Kilo-class
37yrs
Dmitrov
B-806
Kilo-class
34yrs
Kaluga
B-800
Kilo-class
33yrs
Alrosa
B-871
Kilo-class
9yrs
Novorossiysk
B-261
Kilo II-class
9yrs
Rostov na Donu
B-237
Kilo II-class
8yrs
Staryy Oskol
B-262
Kilo II-class
8yrs
Krasnodar
B-265
Kilo II-class
7yrs
Velikiy Novgorod
B-268
Kilo II-class
7yrs
Kolpino
B-271
Kilo II-class
4yrs
Petro.-Kamchatsy
B-274
Kilo II-class
3yrs
Volkhov
B-603
Kilo II-class
2yrs
Magadan
B-602
Kilo II-class
13yrs
Sankt Peterburg
B-585
Lada-class

Total Units: 58 (22%)


NOTES: Yekaterinburg (K-84) is set to be decommissioned in 2022.




Cruisers (4)


Hulls classified as cruiser types, typically dimensionally larger than Destroyers.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
35yrs
Admiral Nakhimov
080
Kirov-class
25yrs
Pyotr Velikiy
099
Kirov-class
37yrs
Marshal Ustinov
055
Slava-class
34yrs
Varyag
011
Slava-class

Total Units: 4 (2%)


NOTES: Admiral Nakhimov is undergoing refit. Moskva was announced LOST-IN-ACTION after a Ukrainian missile attack in April 2022.




Destroyers (12)


Multi-mission hulls developed for Blue Water environment; operating independently or as part of the main surface fleet.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
41yrs
VAdm Kulakov
626
Udaloy-class
38yrs
Msh Shaposhnikov
543
Udaloy-class
38yrs
Admiral Tributs
564
Udaloy-class
36yrs
Severomorsk
619
Udaloy-class
35yrs
Adm Vinogradov
572
Udaloy-class
35yrs
Adm Levchenko
605
Udaloy-class
32yrs
Adm Panteleyev
548
Udaloy-class
24yrs
Adm Chabanenko
650
Udaloy-class
34yrs
Bystryy
715
Sovremenny-class
30yrs
Nastoychivyy
610
Sovremenny-class
29yrs
Admiral Ushakov
434
Sovremenny-class
35yrs
Burnyy
474
Sovremenny-class

Total Units: 12 (5%)




Frigates (11)


Hulls defined as dimensionally smaller than Destroyers, though larger than corvettes, having Blue Water capabilities.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
43yrs
Ladny
801
Krivak-class
42yrs
Pytlivyy
808
Krivak-class
33yrs
Neustrashimyy
712
Neustrashimyy-class
42yrs
Yaroslav Mudry
727
Neustrashimyy-class
7yrs
Adm Grigorovich
745
Grigorovich-class
7yrs
Adm Essen
751
Grigorovich-class
6yrs
Adm Makarov
799
Grigorovich-class
20yrs
Tartarstan
691
Gepard-class
11yrs
Dagestan
693
Gepard-class
5yrs
Adm Gorshkov
417
Gorshkov-class
3yrs
Adm Kasatonov
431
Gorshkov-class

Total Units: 11 (4%)




Corvettes (83)


Hulls defined as dimensionally smaller than frigates but larger than OPVs, capable of operating independently or as part of the main fighting fleet.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
41yrs
Aleksandrovets
059
Grisha-class
38yrs
Kholmsk
369
Grisha-class
41yrs
Muromets
064
Grisha-class
40yrs
Suzdalets
071
Grisha-class
37yrs
Kasimov
055
Grisha-class
36yrs
MPK-221
354
Grisha-class
35yrs
Brest
199
Grisha-class
34yrs
Povorino
053
Grisha-class
34yrs
Koryeyets
390
Grisha-class
34yrs
Yeysk
054
Grisha-class
34yrs
Yunga
113
Grisha-class
33yrs
Naryan-Mar
138
Grisha-class
33yrs
Sovetskaya Gavan
350
Grisha-class
33yrs
MPK-107
332
Grisha-class
33yrs
Onega
164
Grisha-class
33yrs
Metel
323
Grisha-class
32yrs
MPK-82
375
Grisha-class
32yrs
Ust-Llimsk
362
Grisha-class
30yrs
Monchegorsk
190
Grisha-class
29yrs
Snezhnogorsk
196
Grisha-class
44yrs
Aysberg
535
Nanuchka-class
39yrs
Smerch
423
Nanuchka-class
36yrs
Iney
418
Nanuchka-class
35yrs
Rassvet
520
Nanuchka-class
34yrs
Zyb
560
Nanuchka-class
34yrs
Geyzer
555
Nanuchka-class
34yrs
Moroz
409
Nanuchka-class
33yrs
Passat
570
Nanuchka-class
32yrs
Liven
551
Nanuchka-class
32yrs
Razliv
450
Nanuchka-class
39yrs
R-79
995
Tarantul-class
38yrs
Stupinets
705
Tarantul-class
38yrs
Kuznetsk
852
Tarantul-class
37yrs
R-257
833
Tarantul-class
36yrs
Burya
955
Tarantul-class
35yrs
R-261
991
Tarantul-class
34yrs
Zarechnyy
855
Tarantul-class
34yrs
Naberez. Chelny
953
Tarantul-class
34yrs
Ivanovets
954
Tarantul-class
33yrs
R-297
951
Tarantul-class
33yrs
R-298
971
Tarantul-class
32yrs
Dimitrovgrad
825
Tarantul-class
32yrs
R-11
940
Tarantul-class
32yrs
R-14
924
Tarantul-class
31yrs
Morshansk
874
Tarantul-class
31yrs
R-18
937
Tarantul-class
31yrs
R-19
978
Tarantul-class
30yrs
R-20
921
Tarantul-class
29yrs
R-24
946
Tarantul-class
23yrs
Chuvashiya
870
Tarantul-class
20yrs
R-29
916
Tarantul-class
38yrs
Shuya
962
Tarantul-class
37yrs
Urengoy
304
Parchim-class
37yrs
Kazanets
311
Parchim-class
36yrs
Zelenodolsk
308
Parchim-class
34yrs
Aleksin
218
Parchim-class
34yrs
Karb.-Balkariya
243
Parchim-class
33yrs
Kalmykiya
232
Parchim-class
34yrs
Bora
615
Bora-class
23yrs
Samum
616
Bora-class
17yrs
Astrakhan
012
Buyan-class
11yrs
Volgodonsk
012
Buyan-class
11yrs
Makhachkala
015
Buyan-class
9yrs
Grad Sviyazhsk
021
Buyan M-class
9yrs
Uglich
022
Buyan M-class
9yrs
Velikiy Ustug
023
Buyan M-class
8yrs
Zekenyy Dol
602
Buyan M-class
8yrs
Serpukhov
603
Buyan M-class
5yrs
Vyshniy Volochek
609
Buyan M-class
5yrs
Orekhovo-Zuyevo
626
Buyan M-class
4yrs
Ingushetiya
630
Buyan M-class
2yrs
Grayvoron
600
Buyan M-class
34yrs
Steregushchiy
530
Steregushchiy-class
23yrs
Soobrazitelnyy
531
Steregushchiy-class
17yrs
Boikiy
532
Steregushchiy-class
11yrs
Stoikiy
545
Steregushchiy-class
11yrs
Sovershennyy
333
Steregushchiy-class
9yrs
Gromkiy
335
Steregushchiy-class
9yrs
Tsydenzhapov
339
Steregushchiy-class
9yrs
Gremyashchiy
337
Gremyashchiy-class
8yrs
Mytischchi
567
Karakurt-class
8yrs
Sovetsk
577
Karakurt-class
5yrs
Odintsovo
584
Karakurt-class

Total Units: 83 (31%)




Mine Warfare (48)


Hulls outfitted for the purpose of mine countermeasures/countermine warfare.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
53yrs
Natya
8 Ships
Natya-class
52yrs
Sonya
22 Ships
Eridan-class
47yrs
Korund
4 Ships
Korund-class
35yrs
Gorya
2 Ships
Gorya-class
34yrs
Lida
7 Ships
Lida-class
7yrs
Alexandrit
5 Ships
Alexandrit-class

Total Units: 48 (18%)




Offshore Patrol Vessels (27)


Hulls defined as OPVs and outfitted for the purpose of close-to-shore defense / deterrence.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
5yrs
Vasily Bykov
368
Project 22160
4yrs
Dmitry Rogachev
375
Project 22160
3yrs
Pavel Derzhavin
363
Project 22160
13yrs
Grachonok
20 Ships
Grachonok-class
41yrs
Shmel
4 Ships
Shmel-class

Total Units: 27 (10%)




Amphibious Assault (21)


Hulls designed specifically for the support of amphibious-minded, offshore / close-to-shore operations.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
57yrs
Saratov
150
Alligator-class
55yrs
Orsk
148
Alligator-class
49yrs
Nikolay Vilkov
081
Alligator-class
48yrs
Nikolay Filchenkov
152
Alligator-class
47yrs
Ole. Gornyak
012
Ropucha-class
47yrs
Kondopoga
027
Ropucha-class
45yrs
Aleks. Otrakovskiy
031
Ropucha-class
42yrs
Oslyabya
066
Ropucha-class
41yrs
Adm Nevelskoy
055
Ropucha-class
40yrs
Minsk
127
Ropucha-class
39yrs
Kaliningrad
102
Ropucha-class
38yrs
Grg. Pobedonosets
016
Ropucha-class
38yrs
Aleks. Shabalin
110
Ropucha-class
37yrs
Caesar Kunikov
158
Ropucha-class
36yrs
Novocherkassk
142
Ropucha-class
35yrs
Yamal
156
Ropucha-class
33yrs
Azov
151
Ropucha-class
32yrs
Peresvet
077
Ropucha-class
32yrs
Korolev
130
Ropucha-class
0yrs
Ivan Gren
135
Ivan Gren-class
0yrs
Petr Morgunov
117
Ivan Gren-class

Total Units: 21 (8%)




On Order (82)


Hulls set to be delivered in the current procurement year or in subsequent year(s).

Knyaz Oleg
Ball.Missile Sub
Gnrl Suvorov
Ball.Missile Sub
Imprtr Alksndr III
Ball.Missile Sub
Knyaz Pozharskiy
Ball.Missile Sub
Dmitriy Donskoy
Ball.Missile Sub
Knyaz Potyomkin
Ball.Missile Sub
Severodvinsk
Cruise Missile Sub
Kazan
Cruise Missile Sub
Novosibirsk
Cruise Missile Sub
Krasnoyarsk
Cruise Missile Sub
Arkhangelsk
Cruise Missile Sub
Perm
Cruise Missile Sub
Ulyanovsk
Cruise Missile Sub
Voronezh
Cruise Missile Sub
Vladivostok
Cruise Missile Sub
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Sankt Peterburg
Fleet Submarine
Kornshtadt
Fleet Submarine
Velikiye
Fleet Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Fleet Submarine
Golovko
Frigate
Isakov
Frigate
Amelko
Frigate
Chichagov
Frigate
Yumashev
Frigate
Spiridonov
Frigate
Unnamed Ship
Frigate
Unnamed Ship
Frigate
Buyan M (3)
Corvette
Steregushchiy (9)
Corvettes
Gremyashchiy (6)
Corvettes
Kozelsk (15)
Corvettes
Alexandrit (7)
Minesweepers
Project 22160 (3)
OPV
Grachonok (3)
OPV
Ivan Gren (2)
Landing Ship
Ivan Rogov
Univ. Landing Ship
Mitrofn Moskalenko
Univ. Landing Ship

Total Units: 82


On Order Commitment: 82 Units


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