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People's Liberation Army Navy (2022)


Current Active Inventory: 416 Fleet Units


China National Flag Graphic


Last Updated: 02/01/2022 | © www.WDMMW.org


The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has been growing in strength in leaps-and-bounds over the past few decades, adopting more advanced surface and undersea vessels as well as critical support ships. Key to its power-projection goals in the region (and globally for that matter) is the increasing might of its fixed-wing carrier fleet, currently numbering two modest units but soon to be joined by a pair of indigenous designs offering greater capabilities in Blue Water environments. The submarine fleet comprises over seventy boats from multiple classes with only a few beginning to age out. The destroyer fleet is relatively young with some of the oldest units not yet thirty years old. Similarly, the frigate fleet is a young fighting force with a few exceptions and numbers over forty vessels to date. Like the Russian Navy, the PLAN puts a decided focus on its corvette strength with some seventy hulls committed to the category and all of a young, modern design as hull ages go. The eight-strong mine/countermine fleet is an aging group with the youngest units numbering 27 years of age. Offshore strength hulls are also reaching a critical period in its service lives, the ten vessels all over 25 years. The amphibious assault force has been given renewed life with all-new modern players covering helicopter and transport operations from ship-to-shore - these would be key elements in an invasion of neighboring Taiwan. Twenty-four vessels remain on order and strengthen numbers in carrier, submarine, destroyer, and LDH categories. By and large, the PLAN has done well to improve its naval standing in the world, producing yearly the equivalent of a Royal Navy fleet, with its eyes set squarely on one day supplanting the United States as the preeminent naval power in the world.


The following represents an overview of the modern naval fighting capabilities of the People's Liberation Army Navy (2022). The service currently counts 416 total units in its active naval inventory. This total includes frontline commissioned vessels but excludes smaller patrol vessels, auxiliary / survey ships, replenishment, and historical ceremonial types. The WDMMW review takes into account specific categories of warships covering attack, defense, and general support designs. Inventory numbers and related unit types are provided as-is and derived from publically-available information / sources. "On Order" totals found at the bottom of this article are related to any future hulls currently under procurement/construction though said hulls may not be delivered for service in the current year for various reasons.




Total Units: 416
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TvR:
319.8
True Value Rating takes into account current strengths/weaknesses, matched against the highest-rated service (the USN yields a top rating of 323.9).
Global Rank:
2/33
A total of 33 naval services from 33 nations currently tracked. Current Ranking.
FORCE CONCENTRATION:

Carriers: 2 units
Submarines: 72 units
Fleet Core: 333 units
Amphib Asslt: 9 units
FORCE BALANCE:

GOOD

Fleet focuses on most, if not all, vital categories through balanced concentration of assets.
SUPPLIERS:
National flag of China National flag of the Soviet Union
HULL PREFIX:
"CNS"
ESTABLISHED:
1949
73 yrs ago
as the "People's Liberation Army Navy"
MEDIAN HULL AGE:
13.4
Years
HULL AGE VISUALIZATION


Unit Age Color Key




0 to 15 yrs

16 to 25 yrs

26 to 30 yrs

>30 yrs


Age plays a vital role in the life of any warship as hulls and various onboard technologies are pushed to the limit, ultimately exposed to the corrosive and generally unforgiving effects of life at sea. Such degradation often leads to modernizations, refits, or outright retirement. Our color gauge attempts to showcase a vessel's current state within the fleet, helping to detail those outgoing vessels against those at the midway point of their service or those just having been commissioned.


Aircraft Carriers (2)


Hulls defined as those designed primarily to launch, retreive, and maintain fixed-wing and/or rotary-wing aircraft; nuclear- or conventionally-powered.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
10yrs
Liaong
16
Kuznetsov-class
3yrs
Shandong
17
Kuznetsov-class

Total Units: 2 (0%)


NOTES: CNS Shandong is of the Type 002 class and type, a variant of the Soviet-era Kuznetsov-class.




Submarines (72)


Hulls developed for undersea/submersible operation; nuclear-powered or conventionally-powered.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
15yrs
Changzheng 9
409
Jin-class
12yrs
Changzheng 10
410
Jin-class
10yrs
Changzheng 11
411
Jin-class
8yrs
Changzheng 12
412
Jin-class
6yrs
Changzheng 20
420
Jin-class
1yrs
Changzheng 18
421
Jin-class
16yrs
Type 093
---
Shang-class
15yrs
Type 093
---
Shang-class
14yrs
Type 093A
---
Shang-class
13yrs
Type 093A
---
Shang-class
12yrs
Type 093A
---
Shang-class
11yrs
Type 093A
---
Shang-class
38yrs
Changzheng 3
403
Han-class
34yrs
Changzheng 4
404
Han-class
31yrs
Changzheng 5
405
Han-class
16yrs
Type 039A
---
Yuan-class
15yrs
Type 039A
---
Yuan-class
14yrs
Type 039A
---
Yuan-class
13yrs
Type 039A
---
Yuan-class
12yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
12yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
11yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
11yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
10yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
10yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
9yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
9yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
8yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
8yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
7yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
7yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
6yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
6yrs
Type 039B
---
Yuan-class
16yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
15yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
14yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
13yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
12yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
11yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
10yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
9yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
8yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
7yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
6yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
5yrs
Type 039/G/G1
---
Song-class
28yrs
Project 877
---
Kilo-class
28yrs
Project 877
---
Kilo-class
27yrs
Project 636
---
Kilo-class
27yrs
Project 636
---
Kilo-class
26yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
25yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
24yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
23yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
22yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
21yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
20yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
17yrs
Project 636M
---
Kilo-class
32yrs
Type 035B
---
Ming-class
31yrs
Type 035B
---
Ming-class
30yrs
Type 035B
---
Ming-class
29yrs
Type 035B
---
Ming-class
28yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
27yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
26yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
25yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
24yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
23yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
22yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
21yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
20yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
19yrs
Type 035G
---
Ming-class
10yrs
Type 032
201
Qing-class

Total Units: 72 (17%)


NOTES: Some commissioned dates above estimated.




Destroyers (42)


Multi-mission hulls developed for Blue Water environment; operating independently or as part of the main surface fleet.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
2yrs
Nanchang
101
Renhai-class
1yrs
Lhasa
102
Renhai-class
1yrs
Dalian
105
Renhai-class
1yrs
Yanan
---
Luyang III-class
8yrs
Kunming
172
Luyang III-class
7yrs
Changsha
173
Luyang III-class
7yrs
Hefei
174
Luyang III-class
6yrs
Yinchuan
175
Luyang III-class
5yrs
Xining
117
Luyang III-class
5yrs
Xiamen
154
Luyang III-class
4yrs
Urumqi
118
Luyang III-class
4yrs
Nanjing
155
Luyang III-class
4yrs
Taiyuan
131
Luyang III-class
3yrs
Hohhot
161
Luyang III-class
3yrs
Guiyang
119
Luyang III-class
3yrs
Chengdu
120
Luyang III-class
2yrs
Zibo
156
Luyang III-class
2yrs
Qiqihar
121
Luyang III-class
2yrs
Tangshan
122
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Suzhou
132
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Huainan
123
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Nanning
162
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Kaifeng
124
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Guilin
164
Luyang III-class
1yrs
Jiaozou
163
Luyang III-class
18yrs
Lanzhou
170
Luyang II-class
17yrs
Haikou
171
Luyang II-class
9yrs
Changchun
150
Luyang II-class
9yrs
Zhengzhou
151
Luyang II-class
8yrs
Jinan
152
Luyang II-class
7yrs
Xi'an
153
Luyang II-class
16yrs
Shenyang
115
Luzhou-class
15yrs
Shijiazhuang
116
Luzhou-class
18yrs
Guangzhou
168
Luyang I-class
18yrs
Wuhan
169
Luyang I-class
23yrs
Hangzhou
136
Sovremenny-class
22yrs
Fuzhou
137
Sovremenny-class
16yrs
Taizhou
138
Sovremenny-class
16yrs
Ningbo
139
Sovremenny-class
23yrs
Shenzhen
167
Luhai-class
28yrs
Harbin
112
Luhu-class
26yrs
Qingdao
113
Luhu-class

Total Units: 42 (10%)




Frigates (44)


Hulls defined as dimensionally smaller than Destroyers, though larger than corvettes, having Blue Water capabilities.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
14yrs
Xuzhou
530
Jiangkai II-class
14yrs
Zhoushan
529
Jiangkai II-class
14yrs
Huangshan
570
Jiangkai II-class
14yrs
Hengyang
568
Jiangkai II-class
12yrs
Yuncheng
571
Jiangkai II-class
12yrs
Yulin
569
Jiangkai II-class
12yrs
Yiyang
548
Jiangkai II-class
11yrs
Changzhou
549
Jiangkai II-class
11yrs
Yantai
538
Jiangkai II-class
10yrs
Yancheng
546
Jiangkai II-class
10yrs
Hengshui
572
Jiangkai II-class
10yrs
Liuzhou
573
Jiangkai II-class
10yrs
Linyi
547
Jiangkai II-class
9yrs
Yueyang
575
Jiangkai II-class
9yrs
Weifang
550
Jiangkai II-class
9yrs
Sanya
574
Jiangkai II-class
7yrs
Huanggang
577
Jiangkai II-class
7yrs
Daqing
576
Jiangkai II-class
7yrs
Yangzhou
578
Jiangkai II-class
7yrs
Handan
579
Jiangkai II-class
6yrs
Jingzhou
532
Jiangkai II-class
6yrs
Xiangtan
531
Jiangkai II-class
6yrs
Binzhou
515
Jiangkai II-class
5yrs
Xuchang
536
Jiangkai II-class
5yrs
Wuhu
539
Jiangkai II-class
4yrs
Rizhao
598
Jiangkai II-class
4yrs
Anyang
599
Jiangkai II-class
4yrs
Xianning
500
Jiangkai II-class
3yrs
Nantong
601
Jiangkai II-class
3yrs
Zaozhuang
542
Jiangkai II-class
17yrs
Ma'anshan
525
Jiangkai I-class
17yrs
Wenzhou
526
Jiangkai I-class
23yrs
Yichang
564
Jiangwei II-class
22yrs
Huludao
565
Jiangwei II-class
22yrs
Sanming
524
Jiangwei II-class
20yrs
Xiangyang
567
Jiangwei II-class
20yrs
Huaihua
566
Jiangwei II-class
17yrs
Luoyang
527
Jiangwei II-class
17yrs
Mianyang
528
Jiangwei II-class
29yrs
Beihai
558
Jianghu-class
29yrs
Dongguan
560
Jianghu-class
29yrs
Shantou
561
Jianghu-class
28yrs
Foshan
559
Jianghu-class
37yrs
Shaoguan
553
Jianghu-class

Total Units: 44 (11%)




Corvettes (71)


Hulls defined as dimensionally smaller than frigates but larger than OPVs, capable of operating independently or as part of the main fighting fleet.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
9yrs
Bengbu
582
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Datong
580
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Shangrao
583
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Huizou
596
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Qinzhou
597
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Meizhou
584
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Yingkou
581
Jiangdao-class
9yrs
Baise
585
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Ji'an
586
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Jieyang
587
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Weihai
590
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Luzhou
592
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Qingyuan
589
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Fushun
591
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Quanzhou
588
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Chaozhou
595
Jiangdao-class
7yrs
Suzhou
503
Jiangdao-class
7yrs
Xinyang
501
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Huaian
509
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Heze
512
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Baoding
511
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Ningde
510
Jiangdao-class
7yrs
Huangshi
502
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Sanmenxia
593
Jiangdao-class
8yrs
Zhuzou
594
Jiangdao-class
7yrs
Suqian
504
Jiangdao-class
7yrs
Qinhuangdao
505
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Jingmen
506
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Tongren
507
Jiangdao-class
6yrs
Qujing
508
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Ezhou
513
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Liupanshui
514
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Hanzhong
520
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Yiwu
518
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Xuancheng
535
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Yichun
556
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Guangyuan
552
Jiangdao-class
5yrs
Suining
551
Jiangdao-class
4yrs
Wuhai
540
Jiangdao-class
4yrs
Deyang
554
Jiangdao-class
4yrs
Zhangye
541
Jiangdao-class
4yrs
Nanchong
557
Jiangdao-class
3yrs
Bazhong
625
Jiangdao-class
3yrs
Shuozhou
610
Jiangdao-class
3yrs
Wuzhou
626
Jiangdao-class
3yrs
Wenshan
623
Jiangdao-class
3yrs
Dingzhou
603
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Panzhihua
621
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Ganzhou
620
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Luan
611
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Liaocheng
608
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Enshi
627
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Yongzhou
628
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Zhangjiakou
605
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Taian
616
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Xiaogan
615
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Guangan
622
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Mudanjiang
604
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Jingdezhen
617
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Suizhou
624
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Xinji
606
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Dongying
607
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Shizuishan
609
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Songyuan
600
Jiangdao-class
2yrs
Tongling
629
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Tianmen
631
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Nanyang
619
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Shangqiu
618
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Jining
636
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Shiyan
637
Jiangdao-class
1yrs
Pingdingshan
602
Jiangdao-class

Total Units: 71 (17%)




Mine Warfare (49)


Hulls outfitted for the purpose of mine countermeasures/countermine warfare.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
34yrs
Liaoyang
814
Wolei-class
15yrs
Type 081
14 Ships
Type 081-class
17yrs
Houqiu
804
Wozang-class
11yrs
Kunshan
818
Wozang-class
7yrs
Kaiping
809
Wozang-class
6yrs
Rongcheng
811
Wozang-class
6yrs
Donggang
814
Wozang-class
5yrs
Rudong
808
Wozang-class
34yrs
Type 082
16 Ships
Type 082-class
18yrs
Type 529
2 Ships
Type 529-class
35yrs
Type 010
10 Ships
Type 010-class

Total Units: 49 (12%)


NOTES: Some numbers above estimated due to lack of official reporting.




Offshore Patrol Vessels (127)


Hulls defined as OPVs and outfitted for the purpose of close-to-shore defense / deterrence.

OUTLOOK
STABLE
 
18yrs
Type 22
60 Boats
Houbei-class
40yrs
Type 037IG PCSC
26 Boats
Haiqing-class
30yrs
Type 037IG PCM
16 Boats
Houxin-class
34yrs
Type 062I
17 Boats
Shanghai III-class
31yrs
Yangjiang
770
Houjian-class
27yrs
Shunde
771
Houjian-class
27yrs
Nanhai
772
Houjian-class
27yrs
Panyu
773
Houjian-class
23yrs
Lianjiang
774
Houjian-class
23yrs
Xinhai
775
Houjian-class

Total Units: 127 (31%)




Amphibious Assault (9)


Hulls designed specifically for the support of amphibious-minded, offshore / close-to-shore operations.

OUTLOOK
POSITIVE
 
1yrs
Hainan
31
Yushen-class
15yrs
Kunlun Shan
998
Yuzhao-class
11yrs
Jinggang Shan
999
Yuzhao-class
10yrs
Changbai Shan
989
Yuzhao-class
6yrs
Yimeng Shan
988
Yuzhao-class
4yrs
Longhu Shan
980
Yuzhao-class
3yrs
Wuzhi Shan
987
Yuzhao-class
2yrs
Siming Shan
986
Yuzhao-class
2yrs
Qilian Shan
985
Yuzhao-class

Total Units: 9 (2%)


NOTES: The various individual landing ships of the PLAN are not taken into account in this showcase.




On Order (24)


Hulls set to be delivered in the current procurement year or in subsequent year(s).

Unnamed Ship (18)
Aircraft Carrier
Unnamed Ship (19)
Aircraft Carrier
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Unnamed Boat
Submarine
Type 055
Destroyer
Type 055
Destroyer
Type 055
Destroyer
Type 055
Destroyer
Type 052D
Destroyer
Type 052D
Destroyer
Type 052D
Destroyer
Type 052D
Destroyer
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD
Type 075
LHD

Total Units: 24


On Order Commitment: 24 Units


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